Chocolates: From Sacred Food to Sweet Treat
The European colonial narrative is ingrained in American culture and history. The story always begins on the same spot: with one population of humans discovering another about the opposite side on the planet. But the original migration of humans to the Americas has become a way to obtain interest and research, and holds a lot more tantalizing questions.
NORTHEASTERN LOUISIANA -- If the name of archaeologist Joseph W. Saunders been there as well, his work was featured in a eight part Examiner series about the Troyville Mounds in Jonesville, LA during 2010. Much of his career may be specialized in the preservation and comprehension of Troyville Mounds. The articles described the architecture and cultural practices of Troyville Mounds that have been nearly the same as that relating to the Chontal Mayas inside the coastal aspects of Tamaulipas and Veracruz States in Mexico. The series stated why these similarities suggested contacts with Mexico. At enough time with the articles' publication, Saunders failed to trust that interpretation. It is not publically known if Saunders still maintains that position. Links to earlier, related Examiner submissions are in the bottom with this one.
During the past 20 years, Joe Saunders has assembled some fascinating evidence an indigenous mound-building culture rose first in northern Louisiana then somehow spread for the Gulf Coast of Mexico around 1,600 BC. The theory might appear far-fetched to laymen, there is however evidence to guide Saunders' interpretations of artifacts and archaeological sites.
If the ball game could possibly be fatal to losers, it had its dangers for your victors too: A hard-hit ball could seriously injure a gamer whether or not this struck him solidly inside the head or stomach. To protect themselves, the members wore heavy padded uniforms with stone knee guards and belts where were hung effigies of opponents' heads.
In 1519, Hernan Cortes, who conquered the Aztecs, discovered a chocolate ritual where 50 cups were full of beans in storehouses every day and saw that cacao was utilized as currency. After the Aztecs were conquered, the Spanish adapted the culture with the Aztecs and did start to drink hot chocolate. In the 17th century, the Spanish princess Maria Theresa brought the cacao beans for the French court where she married King Louis XIV, and chocolate became a delightful treat in European society.